What Vitamins Aid a Child's Development?
June 2, 1998
The question: What role do vitamins and minerals play in the development and growth of a toddler? And more specifically, what are the most important vitamins and minerals in the development and growth of a toddler?
George Robert Kim, M.D., F.A.A.P., responds: Vitamins and minerals are important in the nutrition of all children, affecting a variety of biological functions:
- Vitamin A: vision and immune function;
- Vitamin B: carbohydrate and protein metabolism, blood development, neural development;
- Vitamin C: collagen and connective tissue formation;
- Vitamin D: bone and calcium metabolism;
- Vitamin E: antioxidant effects; Folic acid: blood and neural development;
- Vitamin K: coagulation;
- Calcium: bone growth, muscle function;
- Iron: blood formation, energy transfer;
- Magnesium: muscle/nerve function;
- Zinc: immune function;
to name a few.
A deficit of vitamins and minerals can lead to a number of preventable medical problems, so all of these vitamins and minerals in the proper amounts, with a balanced diet of protein, carbohydrate and fat are important to good nutrition, and therefore to the development and growth of a child.
Check the USDA database for a listing of nutritional content of food.